Tips on how to Do the Clear & Jerk for Complete-Physique Energy and Energy

Is there a feat of power extra visually hanging than taking a heavy chunk of metallic from the bottom, heaving it into the air, and locking it overhead? The picture alone, typically seen in silhouette, is iconic.

The clear & jerk, together with the snatch, make up the Olympic lifts — the one strength sport presently competed within the Olympics. The “C&J” is a whole motion which may develop power, energy, coordination, pace, and muscle all through your complete physique should you can grasp it.

Credit score: Photology1971 / Shutterstock

No marvel it’s utilized in many power and conditioning packages to provide high-performance athletes, or that the train made its manner into CrossFit coaching, which emphasizes difficult your whole physique as usually as attainable.

The clear & jerk consists of two distinct actions: the clear and the jerk (sure, it’s that easy). Every of those lifts is complicated sufficient by itself, and mixing each throughout a single repetition is a difficult activity. However don’t fear, you’re about to find an in depth breakdown on grasp this beast of a elevate.

Clear & Jerk

Tips on how to Do the Clear & Jerk Step by Step

The clear & jerk is an explosive motion that requires (and builds) power, coordination, and pace. You can not carry out an accurate clear & jerk slowly. This is likely one of the the explanation why it’s so demanding. The approach requires timing, mobility, and total-body coordination.

Ideally, you’ll load the bar with specialised, rubber-coated bumper plates which permit a safer and extra environment friendly strategy to carry out the ultimate part of every repetition, however the clear & jerk might be carried out (fastidiously) with any metallic plates.

Step 1 — Get Into the Beginning Place

A person starting to do a clean & jerk.
Credit score: baranq / Shutterstock

Stand in entrance of a barbell on the bottom with a hips-wide stance. Angle your toes and knees barely outward. Bend at your hips and hinge ahead to seize the bar with a barely wider than shoulder-width grip, utilizing a pronated (palm down) grip. 

Squat down till your shoulders are barely above the barbell. Your hips ought to be decrease than your shoulders however increased than your knees. Maintain your again flat, your chest excessive, and look ahead.

Kind tip: Maintain the bar shut touching, or nearly touching, your shins throughout the setup. This can guarantee a correct bar path with less lower back strain.

Step 2 — Provoke the “First Pull”

A person doing the first pull in a clean & jerk.
Credit score: baranq / Shutterstock

The primary pull is the time period for the beginning of the clear. It’s the second you break the barbell from the bottom and produce it to your knees. Brace your core, flex your lats, and drive with your legs by pushing your ft by way of the bottom. Your hips and shoulders ought to increase on the identical pace, whereas the barbell stays very near your physique. The primary pull shouldn’t be not like the preliminary begin of a standard deadlift.

Kind tip: As a result of the clear & jerk is an explosive motion, you is perhaps tempted to blow up off the ground to generate drive as shortly as attainable. Don’t. Give attention to being in command of the barbell along with your complete physique braced. Particularly should you’re unsure about your approach, decelerate your first pull.

Step 3 — Explode Into the “Second Pull”

two people in gym lifting barbells from ground
Credit score: Floor Image / Shutterstock

On this part, you’ll obtain triple extension — full extension of your hips, knees, and ankles. The second pull happens because the bar passes your knees. Now you may explode up with as a lot drive as attainable by extending your complete decrease physique. 

Whereas protecting your arms straight, lengthen your hips and knees forcefully. As you lengthen, push by way of the balls of your ft as exhausting as you may. Your heels should raise off the bottom. In case you’ve carried out a whole triple extension, your physique in a whole straight line, with solely your toes and the balls of your ft on the ground.

Kind tip: Consider leaping as excessive as you may to switch most energy into the bar, however don’t truly lose contact with the bottom. As a result of the motion is a hip hinge, you may be tempted to blow up your hips ahead like a kettlebell swing to attempt to generate drive, however it would lead to an inefficient bar path. When you move your knees, assume “up, up, up.”

Step 4 — Transition Into the “Third Pull”

A person doing the third pull in a clean & jerk.
Credit score: SOK Studio / Shutterstock

Now that you simply’ve transferred drive out of your decrease physique to boost the bar, the third pull is definitely pulling your self “beneath” the barbell to catch it. As you end the triple extension and rise onto your toes, shrug as exhausting as you may to offer much more power to the bar whereas “pulling” your self beneath it.

Find yourself along with your knees barely bent and your chest proud, able to obtain the bar in a front rack position.

Kind tip: “Assault” the bottom with drive. Think about you’re attempting to hit the ground as quick as you may when you stand in your toes.

Step 5 — Catch the Bar and Stand Up

Person in dark hold holding barbell on shoulders
Credit score: Mongkolchon Akesin / Shutterstock

Let your arms bend and squat down to catch the bar between the entrance of your shoulders and your clavicles, protecting your elbows as excessive as you may. Carry out a robust front squat till you stand tall.

Kind tip: How low you “ought to” squat to catch the bar will depend on the burden relative to your power, and the way a lot drive you utilized to the bar. The more durable and heavier it’s, the deeper you’ll possible should squat. If it’s a must to squat to parallel or beneath, the motion is taken into account a “full clear.” In case you obtain the bar in a better squat place, it’s referred to as a “energy clear.”

Step 6 — Dip Down

A person dipping during a clean & jerk.
Credit score: baranq / Shutterstock

The clear part of the elevate is now full. It’s time to sort out the jerk. From the entrance rack place, bend your knees and dip down just a few inches to build up power in your decrease physique. Solely bend at your knees, not your hips, to make sure a vertical bar path and whole-body stability.

Kind tip: Earlier than initiating the dip, you may barely decrease your elbows, in order that they’re between a entrance squat (going through ahead) and a push press (going through the bottom) place. This can can help you use a bit extra shoulder energy to elevate the burden. Relying in your upper body mobility, you might also really feel comfy adjusting to a barely wider hand place.

Step 7 — Jerk the Weight Up

Muscular person in gym pressing barbell overhead
Credit score: Photology1971 / Shutterstock

Push as exhausting as you may through your legs to drive the bar up. Use the identical triple extension as throughout the clear to generate as a lot drive as you may — utterly lengthen your hips, knees, and ankles — after which push the burden along with your arms.

Kind tip: Don’t bend ahead. That may sacrifice energy, improve pressure in your decrease again, and shift the bar right into a much less environment friendly path that’s extra more likely to fail the elevate. Maintain a very vertical bar path. 

Step 8 — Cut up and Catch the Barbell

A person jerking the barbell up and splitting during a clean & jerk.
Credit score: baranq / Shutterstock

From this place, transition as quick as attainable into your catch place by splitting right into a half-lunge. Shortly place one leg in entrance of you, along with your foot flat and your knee vertical, and one behind you, barely bent and along with your weight in your toes. Assume a shoulder-wide stance. Straighten your arms forcefully and preserve them straight the remainder of the train.

Kind tip: The bar ought to find yourself straight over your higher again, in a roundabout way above your head. At lockout, your arms ought to be vertical and never angled to the entrance or again.

Step 9 — Get well and End the Raise

A person holding a barbell up in a complete  clean & jerk.
Credit score: SOK Studio / Shutterstock

Convey your entrance foot again in half of the way in which, after which convey it straight beneath you. Now, convey your rear leg ahead and maintain the place with the bar overhead briefly. That’s it, you’ve accomplished a clear & jerk.

From there, should you’re on a weightlifting platform and utilizing bumper plates, gently information the bar again to the bottom with management — don’t let it free fall wildly. In case you’re lifting with metallic plates, decrease the bar to the entrance rack place throughout the entrance of your shoulders, after which decrease it to your hip crease earlier than “deadlifting” it all the way down to the bottom.

Kind tip: That whole sequence was one single repetition. When the bar is returned to the bottom, take a breath and refocus earlier than performing further reps.

Clear & Jerk Errors to Keep away from

This train could be very technical, so minor errors are certain to occur till you actually nail it. Attempt to keep away from these blunders although, as they’ll hinder your progress and will probably result in damage.

Utilizing Too A lot Weight

Technique ought to all the time come earlier than weight with any train, nevertheless it rings much more true with the Olympic lifts. Utilizing an excessive amount of weight will drive your physique to make use of the trail of least resistance, as an alternative of correct approach and environment friendly bar path.

This ends in “muscling” the burden up and grinding a elevate that ought to be carried out easily. You’ll by no means learn the proper technique that manner and also you’ll solely danger damage, particularly on the shoulder complicated.

A person holding a heavy barbell.
Credit score: SOK Studio / Shutterstock

Keep away from it: Be sure to use applicable weight and really feel assured in your approach earlier than growing the load. In case you change the burden and your motion is totally different, it’s a must to spend extra time at a decrease weight. It’s not unusual for starting lifters to be taught the clear & jerk with a broomstick earlier than even utilizing a 45-pound barbell.

Not Staying Over The Bar

Throughout the clear & jerk, your shoulders have to remain barely in entrance of the bar till you end the second pull and utterly lengthen your physique. This can enable you to maximize bar peak and path. In case your physique doesn’t keep in good alignment, you may’t successfully switch drive into the bar and the bar path is much less more likely to be vertical.

 A person trying to do a clean and jerk.
Credit score: Dewald Kirsten / Shutterstock

Keep away from it: Maintain your weight balanced over the center of your ft. Don’t put an excessive amount of weight in your toes (except you’re purported to be in full extension) or in your heels. Don’t rush the primary pull. Management the bar till the second you explode up.

Not Retaining the Bar Near You

Retaining the bar near you is paramount for optimum bar path, to optimize bar peak and energy, in addition to minimizing low again pressure and upper-body involvement.

If the bar drifts away from you, you’ll more than likely find yourself performing a “muscle clear,” a technically simpler variation involving far more shoulders and higher again muscle than decrease physique. Whereas it may be an excellent train, it’s not a clear. You’ll by no means be capable of use as a lot weight or develop total-body energy.

A person trying to do a clean and jerk.
Credit score: Floor Image / Shutterstock

Keep away from it: Maintain the bar near you at completely all occasions. Decelerate the beginning of the elevate in order that the bar is grazing you till you completely extend your hips. With some folks, there’s even contact on the hips.

Squatting the Dip

A person squatting during a clean and jerk.
Credit score: Jasminko Ibrakovic / Shutterstock

While you dip and create the leg drive, you is perhaps tempted to squat deep. However the dip shouldn’t be meant to be a squat. In case you bend at your hips, you danger shedding your upright place and ship the bar ahead as an alternative of in a straight line within the air.

The dip ought to be quick and quick. You shouldn’t go too low or truly squat the burden down. You’ll merely lose power and the catch will grow to be that a lot more durable. 

Keep away from it: Solely dip down just a few inches whereas staying as upright as attainable. Remind your self, “fast dip, not a deep squat.” 

Tips on how to Progress the Clear & Jerk 

This elevate being very technical, it is perhaps helpful to include a number of of those progressions in your coaching to be taught and strengthen key positions of the motion. You’ll be able to incorporate the approach piece by piece. You can dedicate full workouts to the elevate or you may add clear progressions to your decrease physique days, and jerk progressions to an upper body workout.

Clear Pull

Weightlifting is all about producing energy, and the clear pull is wonderful at that. This development solely consists of the primary and second pull of the clear, adopted by a robust shrug and upright row.

Get into your clear place, increase the barbell to your knee with management, then violently explode up by extending your hips, knees, and ankles. Then shrug and let your elbows bend to boost the barbell to at the least chest level, up till your chin. Maintain the barbell near your physique always. This development is nice to learn to generate energy and the primary a part of the clear.

Hold Clear

The place many of the errors occur throughout the clear is definitely initially: throughout the set-up and the primary pull. In case you fail to execute this portion completely, the remainder of the elevate is certain to be subpar.

The dangle clear avoids this by having you begin the elevate “from the dangle”, with the barbell at round knee degree — you solely should do the second and third pull and the catch. You’ll be able to follow the tip of the motion extra simply this fashion. 

Energy Clear

The facility clear is the alternative, you carry out a clear with a lighter weight and also you catch it solely along with your knees barely bent over parallel. Not having to squat all the way in which down makes the motion simpler particularly should you’re not essentially the most cellular lifter.

You can also make the train even easier and carry out it from “the dangle”, combining each of one of the best worlds for growing uncooked energy and ease. 

Muscle Clear and Press

Right here we bypass essentially the most technical facets of the lifts to rely extra on our muscle groups to carry out it. You gained’t be capable of use as a lot weight, however it is a nice train so as to add measurement to your body.

To carry out the muscle clear, get into your clear place, pull the bar up and explode like a daily clear. However, as an alternative of positioning your self into a squat after the full-body extension, preserve your legs and torso straight and pull the burden up along with your elbows as excessive as you may. As soon as they’re at maximal peak, shortly convey them across the bar into the entrance rack place to catch the bar whereas standing tall. From there, press the burden up by extending the arms till the bar is locked out overhead, then decrease it with management to your collarbone.

Push Press

This hybrid between a press and a jerk teaches you to dip and use your legs to help your higher physique in lifting extra weight. Seize a barbell with a full grip and assume a entrance rack place, with the barbell sitting between your anterior deltoids (entrance of your shoulder) and your clavicles.

Shrug your shoulders up and ahead to create a type of “muscle nest” for the bar. Decrease your elbows a bit so that you simply’ll be capable of use extra arms. Dip down by bending on the knees for just a few inches, then explode up as exhausting as you may. When your legs are utterly prolonged, press the bar up as a lot as you may by attempting to punch the ceiling. Then, decrease it with management to the preliminary place. 

Energy Jerk

This variation is equal to the facility clear, however with the jerk. Start with the barbell in a entrance racked place, both from a rack or after having cleaned it. Dip down, then explode up and forcefully lengthen your arms, like a standard jerk.

However as an alternative of splitting your ft and catching the bar in a deep squat, you assault the bottom with each ft in a standard squat stance and obtain it along with your knees barely bent. This fashion, you bypass the technical break up catch place and give attention to the primary a part of the jerk.

Advantages of the Clear & Jerk

If this train is so difficult, why accomplish that many athletes wish to be taught it? It’s easy: it gives advantages no different can reciprocate (aside, maybe, from the snatch, which is even more durable). Here’s what this train has to supply.

Will increase Explosive Energy

Energy is the capability to maneuver weights as quick as attainable. It’s a mix of pace and power, and growing your energy means you’ll more than likely enhance your power and pace as properly! Certainly, this train will educate your mind to higher recruit your muscle groups in order that they attain a better peak drive and to succeed in it quicker.

Additionally it is very related for athletes who’ve to maneuver their very own our bodies or implements quick: they aren’t weightless. It implies that this train will assist them run quicker, bounce increased, throw farther, and sort out more durable. In case you’re an athlete, this is likely one of the best and efficient workout routines to make you higher at your sport. (1)

Complete-Physique Energy

To seize a weighted barbell and steadiness it over your head requires large power from head to toe (or, extra precisely, from traps to calves). With the clear & jerk, you may load comparatively extra weight than with the snatch, so it’s an explosive motion that tends towards constructing pure power and energy. This train recruits just about all the muscle groups in your physique and places them to the take a look at. Certainly, it alternates between pulling and pushing phases for the whole-body.

Improves Stability, Posture, and Coordination

Holding weight within the entrance rack place, then throwing it within the air and balancing it overheard requires a core and a again of metal and can construct robust and secure shoulders. This can lead to a greater posture and a extra resilient again.

A starting to do a clean and jerk.
Credit score: Floor Image / Shutterstock

Then, you want an excessive amount of coordination to maneuver with precision, pace, and power each upper-body and lower-body limbs on the identical time. Lastly, it takes a complete lot of steadiness to take care of the break up place and catch a heavy weight that manner. This train builds power and pace, however for that you simply additionally should construct higher physique mechanics and athletic qualities. (2)

Higher Cardiovascular Well being

As this train recruits just about all the muscle groups within the physique, the demand positioned on the cardiovascular system is large as a result of your coronary heart has to pump blood all over the place. Research have discovered that weightlifting improves resting coronary heart charge, VO2 max, and blood stress. (3)

Even with an empty barbell, correctly completed clear & jerks can depart you breathless. No marvel comparatively excessive reps of those are continuously utilized in CrossFit to gauge the endurance capacities of athletes.

Muscle tissues Labored by the Clear & Jerk

There’s no muscle groups spared by the clear & jerk. Out of your forearms to grip the barbell all the way in which all the way down to the calves to challenge it within the air. Let’s cowl the principle movers of this train.


The quadriceps are the most important leg muscle groups, and are among the many physique’s strongest. They go from the femur or hip bone to the tibia within the decrease leg. Their foremost operate is to increase the knee. As such, they are going to be liable for many of the energy generated throughout the train.

They’re extensively recruited throughout the triple extension to challenge the barbell within the air, and much more throughout the deep entrance squat that follows the catch. Then, they will even be primarily liable for propulsing the barbell upwards throughout the jerk, simply after the dip, and to stand up from the lunge required to catch it throughout the break up.

Urgent Muscle tissues

Throughout the jerk, these higher physique muscle groups will probably be tremendously recruited to assist urgent the bar overhead and maintain it there with the arms locked out. They’re your deltoids (shoulder muscle groups), pectoralis main (chest), and your triceps (the posterior arm muscle groups). 

A person's chest.
Credit score: winnievinzence / Shutterstock

The deltoid goes from the clavicle and scapula (shoulder blade) to the humerus — the arm bone. This muscle will increase the arm upwards. The entrance delts would be the most recruited, however all of them take part within the motion. The chest can also be hooked up to the humerus, then to the sternum and ribs. Solely its higher fibers will probably be recruited right here, aiding the deltoids. Lastly the triceps goes from the scapula and humerus to the ulna (forearm bone). Its operate right here is to increase the arm to press the burden up and preserve the arms locked out.

Posterior Chain

The posterior chain, as a complete, will contribute to the motion. Within the decrease physique, the hamstrings and glutes will lengthen the hips and be primarily liable for the deadlift portion and cleansing the burden, whereas the calves will contribute to the explosive portion of each the clear and the jerk by way of ankle extension.

Within the higher physique, the erector spinae will assist with hip extension in addition to again extension within the clear, and the trapezius for the ultimate pull upward. The entire of your again will probably be recruited to take care of posture in addition to arm and scapular stability.

Tips on how to Program the Clear & Jerk

Due to its technical element, this motion must be completed in a particular manner. Usually you wish to keep away from an excessive amount of fatigue for it would lead to technical breakdown that can cut back neural effectivity and improve the time to grasp the elevate, in addition to risking damage. 

Medium to Heavy Weight, Low Repetitions

How heavy you may go will rely in your technical proficiency, however three to 5 units of 1 to 5 reps ought to be the majority of your programming. You need excellent approach on all repetitions, and because of this we keep away from doing longer units, as fatigue will generate type breakdown.

In case you can not transfer the bar quick, you can not use good approach, and also you’ll find yourself harm. Staying in that one to 5 rep vary ensures you’re performing principally “neural” work, so muscular fatigue shouldn’t grow to be a problem. Make sure that to make use of ample relaxation durations of at the least two minutes.


The every minute on the minute format is a superb strategy to be taught the Olympic elevate and follow approach, because the quick breaks permit for high quality work and elevated density — which means a whole lot of work in a short while. (4)

Set a timer that can ring each minute, or each 90 seconds if you wish to go heavier. Each time the alarm rings, carry out one to a few repetitions and relaxation for the remaining time, for a complete length of ten to twenty minutes. You will get inventive and use totally different weight and repetitions schemes throughout the interval. You can additionally incorporate train progressions. Simply you should definitely all the time use excellent type.

For example, you may do 5 minutes of three reps with the muscle clear and press, then 5 minutes of two reps utilizing the facility clear and push press, and eventually 5 minutes of a one-rep clear & jerk.

Clear & Jerk Variations

In case you don’t have entry to a barbell, wish to spice issues up, or attempt a much less difficult variation, don’t fear. There are a number of clear & jerk variations in inventory.

Dumbbell Clear & Jerk

Altering the gear will make the train technically simpler whereas involving extra muscle groups on the identical time, particularly within the shoulders and traps. Seize a pair of dumbbells and carry out much like the barbell clear & jerk.

To keep away from having to go additional deep, have solely one of many heads of the dumbbells contact the bottom on every repetition. As a result of this variation is much less technical and dangerous, you may truly use it for longer units and luxuriate in muscular fatigue to build more muscle or endurance very simply. You too can do it with a pair of kettlebells.

Clear & Squat Jerk

Solely the jerk portion of the elevate is totally different with this motion. As a substitute of assuming a half-lunge place to catch the barbell in a break up, catch it in a deep squat. After dipping down and exploding upwards, “assault” the bottom forcefully along with your ft in a shoulder-width stance and squat down on the required depth.

This variation requires additional mobility and steadiness, however has the benefit of not needing to raise the barbell as a lot throughout the jerk so as to elevate extra weight as a result of you may drop deeper within the squat place than within the lunge.

Continental Clear & Jerk

This brutal train sometimes requires an axle or fats bar. This specialised bar is utilized in many strongman or strongwoman contests as a result of its two to three-inch thick grip will ultimately make grip power the limiting think about any train.

To carry out the continental clear, you utilize a blended grip with one hand is flipped beneath the axle (palm up) and the opposite hand in a palm-down grip. Carry out a standard clear, and don’t neglect to shrug exhausting on the high, then the bar ought to be guided and set at round decrease sternum-level. It may possibly assist you probably have a “energy stomach” to relaxation it on. With out that, a weightlifting belt can be utilized as a makeshift ledge.

Because the bar rests, swap your underhand bar to a palm-down place, and use your hips to dip down and pop the bar as much as the entrance rack place. From there, you may both press, push press, or jerk the burden overhead. This variation will construct a bulletproof core and higher again, primarily as a result of the continental part is so troublesome.


When ought to I do the clear & jerk?

This elevate is finest carried out in a recent begin, in the beginning of the session. Certainly, you wish to keep away from muscular and neural fatigue so as to carry out finest with flawless approach. And due to its neural and energy element, this train may function activation to prime you for the following workout routines. For example, doing it earlier than heavy squats may enable you to elevate heavier.
In case you’re an skilled lifter and also you’ve mastered the approach, you may additionally attempt the alternative although, and reserve it for final. As a result of your muscle groups are drained, your physique may have no alternative however to depend on approach to execute the elevate.

How usually ought to I clear & jerk?

The reply will rely on your health targets and expertise degree, however you may actually follow this elevate considerably usually, as a result of it’s vital to keep away from accumulating an excessive amount of fatigue throughout the classes.
Truly, doing it extra usually might enable you to progress quicker. Doing it twice every week at first will yield a whole lot of advantages, however you may even bump it to a few or 4 occasions every week. Simply keep in mind that the extra you embrace clear & jerk classes, the better they need to be.

A Massive Raise for Massive Features

The clear & jerk is seen worldwide each 4 years throughout the Summer season Olympics, however the train isn’t unique to one of the best weightlifters on the planet. Whether or not you’re an athlete searching for high efficiency on the sector or within the ring, a power sport competitor trying to carry over power and energy, or a physique-focused lifter trying to pack on full-body muscle, including the clear & jerk to your coaching menu will ship world-class outcomes.


  1. Huyghe, T., Goriss, B., DeLosAngeles, E., & Fowl, S. P. (2021). Exploring The Energy Clear. Worldwide Journal of Energy and Conditioning, 1(1).
  2. Santos PDG, Vaz JR, Correia PF, Valamatos MJ, Veloso AP, Pezarat-Correia P. Intermuscular Coordination within the Energy Clear Train: Comparability between Olympic Weightlifters and Untrained People-A Preliminary Examine. Sensors (Basel). 2021 Mar 9;21(5):1904. doi: 10.3390/s21051904. PMID: 33803182; PMCID: PMC7963197.
  3. Stone MH, Wilson GD, Blessing D, Rozenek R. Cardiovascular responses to short-term olympic model weight-training in younger males. Can J Appl Sport Sci. 1983 Sep;8(3):134-9. PMID: 6640815.
  4. de-Oliveira LA, Heredia-Elvar JR, Maté-Muñoz JL, García-Manso JM, Aragão-Santos JC, Da Silva-Grigoletto ME. Evaluation of Pacing Methods in AMRAP, EMOM, and FOR TIME Coaching Fashions throughout “Cross” Modalities. Sports activities (Basel). 2021 Oct 20;9(11):144. doi: 10.3390/sports9110144. PMID: 34822344; PMCID: PMC8624389.

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