Many years earlier than the opposite missions on this checklist, the USSR launched a sequence of probes to Venus. The Venera program (Russian for “Venus”) ran from 1961 to 1983 and included a lot of flyby spacecraft, orbiters, and landers. 4 of these landers—Venera 9, 10, 13, and 14—returned photographs from the Venusian floor. However Venera 13’s photographs had been the primary in colour.
Venus’ floor is sort of 900 levels Fahrenheit, with the stress of many dozens of Earth atmospheres. Venera 13 survived solely about two hours on the hostile planet, sending panoramic photographs again to Earth. A kind of photographs was in colour: The panorama seems yellow as a result of dense ambiance. A model of the picture with these atmospheric results eliminated reveals a stretch of rock and dusty terrain, however not a lot else. A discarded lens cap and the rim of the lander are seen at middle.
Whereas NASA made it to Venus with the Magellan mission, the spacecraft by no means reached the planet’s floor. In 1994, it dove into Venus’ ambiance, the place it burned up. Hopefully the company’s upcoming missions to Venus—VERITAS and DAVINCI+—present us higher views of Venus’ inhospitable terrain.